In Bengali culture, the significance of the 22 Se Srabon, also known as the 22nd day of the Bengali month of Shraban, holds a special place. This day, which falls around mid-July each year, carries a deep historical, religious, and cultural importance. From literary references to popular beliefs, 22 Se Srabon is regarded with reverence and is celebrated in various ways across West Bengal, Bangladesh, and by Bengali communities around the world.

Historical Significance

The 22 Se Srabon is a date that remains etched in the hearts of Bengalis due to the tragic event that occurred on this day in 1941. On the 22nd of Shraban in the Bengali calendar, two prolific figures of Bengali literature, Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam, breathed their last breath. This day is marked as the day two of the greatest poets of Bengali literature bid farewell to the mortal world, leaving an irreplaceable void in the literary landscape of Bengal.

Religious and Cultural Significance

In addition to its historical importance, 22 Se Srabon holds significant religious and cultural value in Bengali society. The month of Shraban itself is considered auspicious in the Bengali calendar, with several religious rituals and ceremonies taking place during this time. The 22nd day of Shraban is believed to be particularly powerful, with many people observing fasts, offering prayers, and paying homage to departed souls on this day.

Shraban Utsav and Tribute to Tagore and Nazrul

The day of 22 Se Srabon is often marked by various cultural events and programs that pay tribute to Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam. These events may include musical performances, recitations of their poems and songs, discussions on their works, and film screenings showcasing movies based on their lives. The Shraban Utsav is a common occurrence during this time, where artists and enthusiasts come together to celebrate the rich literary legacy of these two stalwarts.

Impact on Bengali Literature

The works of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam continue to inspire generations of Bengali writers, poets, and artists. Their contributions to Bengali literature are unparalleled, and the legacy they left behind on the 22nd of Shraban serves as a constant reminder of their immortal creations. The melancholy associated with this day often evokes a sense of nostalgia and introspection among admirers of Bengali literature.

Celebrations and Traditions

On the day of 22 Se Srabon, many people visit the graves of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam to pay their respects and offer floral tributes. Various cultural organizations and educational institutions also organize special events and seminars dedicated to the works of these literary giants. The day is marked by a sense of solemnity and reverence, reflecting the profound impact Tagore and Nazrul had on Bengali culture.

Popular Beliefs and Superstitions

In Bengali culture, the 22 Se Srabon is often associated with mystical beliefs and superstitions. Some people believe that the spirits of Tagore and Nazrul wander around on this day, blessing their devotees and inspiring creativity. Others see this day as a time for introspection and spiritual renewal, seeking solace in the immortal words of these poets.


The significance of 22 Se Srabon in Bengali culture is multifaceted, encompassing historical, religious, and cultural dimensions. The legacy of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam continues to resonate with Bengalis around the world, reminding them of the rich literary heritage they have inherited. As the 22nd day of Shraban approaches each year, it serves as a time for reflection, remembrance, and celebration of the timeless contributions of these two literary luminaries.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What is the significance of Shraban in Bengali culture?
    Shraban is considered an auspicious month in the Bengali calendar, associated with various religious rituals and festivals. It holds cultural importance as well, being the month when many literary stalwarts, including Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam, passed away.

  2. How do Bengalis celebrate 22 Se Srabon?
    On the 22nd day of Shraban, people often visit the graves of Tagore and Nazrul, attend cultural events, and participate in programs that pay tribute to these literary icons. It is a day marked by reflection, remembrance, and reverence.

  3. Why are Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam considered important in Bengali literature?
    Tagore and Nazrul are revered for their immense contributions to Bengali literature, with Tagore known for his poetry, songs, and literary works, and Nazrul celebrated for his revolutionary poetry and songs that inspired generations.

  4. What is the Shraban Utsav?
    The Shraban Utsav is a cultural festival that takes place during the month of Shraban, often featuring performances, discussions, and events that celebrate the works of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam.

  5. Are there any specific rituals associated with 22 Se Srabon?
    While there are no strict religious rituals associated with 22 Se Srabon, many people choose to fast, offer prayers, and spend time in introspection on this day as a mark of respect for Tagore and Nazrul.

  6. How does 22 Se Srabon influence contemporary Bengali literature and arts?
    The legacy of Tagore and Nazrul continues to influence contemporary Bengali literature and arts, inspiring new generations of writers, poets, musicians, and artists to explore and celebrate their cultural heritage.

  7. Are there any superstitions or beliefs associated with 22 Se Srabon?
    Some people believe that 22 Se Srabon is a spiritually significant day when the souls of Tagore and Nazrul are particularly active, offering blessings and inspiration to those who seek their guidance.

  8. What can visitors expect when attending cultural events on 22 Se Srabon?
    Visitors can expect to experience a rich tapestry of cultural performances, including music, poetry readings, film screenings, and discussions that highlight the life and works of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam.

  9. How can individuals pay homage to Tagore and Nazrul on 22 Se Srabon if they are unable to visit their graves?
    Individuals can pay homage to Tagore and Nazrul on 22 Se Srabon by reading their works, listening to their songs, attending cultural events, and engaging in acts of creativity and expression that reflect the spirit of these literary legends.

  10. What is the lasting legacy of 22 Se Srabon in Bengali culture?
    22 Se Srabon serves as a day of remembrance, celebration, and introspection in Bengali culture, reminding people of the enduring influence of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam on literature, music, and art in Bengal and beyond.


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